Friday, January 27, 2006

Baye Fall

Baye Fall is a sub Sufi order from the Qadiriyya Sufi School. The Baye Fall Sufi movement was born in Senegal in the later 1800’s. The founder of the Baye Fall movement was Cheikh Ibrahima Fall. Cheikh Ibrahima taught his students that Islamic religious obligations were not enough to reform and sublimate ones soul. Instead one also needed to do work with in his community. It is from this tradition the Baye Fall have come to be known for their various communal endeavors such as groundnut and peanut cultivation as well as garment manufacturing. Generally the proceeds from these works go back into helping the community at large for which they serve. Another characteristic they are known for is their long Dread Locks which is called ndiange or 'strong hair' in the Wolof language. According to them ndiange symbolizes modesty and a conscious reservation from the material world.

It is important to note that while the Baye Fall have their roots in the later part of the 1800’s, the Rastafarian movement didn’t start to take shape until the 1930’s. This is significant in dispelling the myth that locks are not an “Islamic” phenomenon. I should also mention that dreadlocks are also found in various other Sufi brotherhoods through out Africa be it North, South, East or West.


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